Category : Regulation and certification watch
Published on 15/05/2019
On 27 March, the European Parliament approved the final text of the draft directive on single-use plastics. The main measures of the Single-Use Plastics Directive include:
- the prohibition of the commercialisation and use of a dozen single-use plastic objects: stirrers, straws, cutlery, plates, cotton swabs, containers made from oxo-degradable plastics or expanded polystyrene (cups, fast-food packaging, etc.),
- the requirement for beverage containers to have a cap attached to the bottle by May 2024,
- the limitation of the use of plastic products that do not have simple alternatives. Member States must reduce their consumption of (non-banned) single-use plastic packaging by 25% by 2025,
- the 50% reduction of plastic cigarette filter waste by 2025, and 80% reduction by 2030, with the introduction of an Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) system,
- the obligation to collect 77% of single-use plastic beverage bottles by 2025, and 90% by 2029 – for example, using deposit systems,
- the inclusion of at least 25% recycled material into plastic bottles by 2025, and 30% by 2030.
In France, Act #2018-938 of 30 October, 2018, on the balance of commercial relations in the agricultural sector and a healthy, sustainable, and accessible food supply for all (commonly known as EGAlim) confirms the reduction of plastic waste initiated by the public authorities.
The list of banned cooking utensils is growing
Act #2015-992 of 17 August, 2015, provided for the end of the availability of disposable plastic cups, glasses, and plates, except those that are compostable and contain, in whole or in part, bio-based materials (C. envir., art L. 541-10-5).
Article 28 of the EGAlim Act adds to this list: straws, cutlery, barbeque utensils, disposable glass lids, meal trays, ice cream containers, salad bowls, boxes, and mixing sticks for beverages. The provision of these plastic utensils will be prohibited from 1 January 2020.
As of 1 January, 2020, the use of plastic still water bottles will be discontinued in school catering.
In order to guard against potential health risks, the use of plastic food containers for cooking, heating, and serving plastics will be discontinued, in favour of inert and sustainable materials in schools and universities, as well as childcare facilities for children under six years old.
This prohibition will come into force no later than 1 January, 2025. An additional delay of three years is granted to communities of less than 2,000 inhabitants.